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PLEASE NOTE: This is a rapidly evolving situation. Risk of the Coronavirus to Massachusetts residents remains low. Infection numbers are likely to change. The City of Northampton Health Department will continue to provide updates and coordinate public messaging on the situation on a regular basis.
March 18 2020; Situation Report:
March 18, 2020;
Recently, a new strain of coronavirus - 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)—was detected in Wuhan, China. This novel coronavirus causes a respiratory (lung) infection. This new virus is related to, but different from, other coronaviruses that cause the common cold and diseases such as SARS and MERS. Common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, coughing, shortness of breath and in severe cases, pneumonia (fluid in the lungs). Cases range from very mild to severe, with up to 2% of cases currently ending in death.
As of March 18th, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports there are over 7000 cases of COVID-19 in the United States with 46 states affected. Data include both confirmed and presumptive positive cases of COVID-19 reported to CDC or tested at CDC since January 21, 2020. This data does not include information on testing results of persons repatriated to the United States from Wuhan, China and Japan. States are now testing and publicly reporting their cases.
In Massachusetts there is 256 positive cases, none of which are in Hampshire County. It is presumed that we will see positive cases in our area in a short time, due to the increased availability of testing in our region.
On March 10th, 2020 Governor Baker issued a State of Emergency to Support Commonwealth’s Response to Coronavirus, issued March 10, 2020. https://www.mass.gov/news/governor-baker-declares-state-of-emergency-to-support-commonwealths-response-to-coronavirus
The City of Northampton is taking additional measures to slow the potential spread of this disease. The Mayor has asked all city personnel to cancel or postpone any of the following types of activity and take the following precautionary measures:
Events that qualify for cancellation under the above order could include city public meetings and hearings that would attract large groups of residents, indoor sporting activities, events at the senior center, public building uses by outside groups, or any other activities where large numbers of people gather for any reason.
The Health Department will is holding weekly teleconferences for COVID-19 Q&A, pared out by disciplines. Please visit the Northampton Health Department website for call-in information and how to submit questions.
How Best To Protect Yourself From Getting Coronavirus:
Currently the risk of contracting the Coronavirus in Massachusetts still remains low. Conversely, it is the season for respiratory illness, so the recommendations below on how best to protect yourself apply in both cases. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention is recommending personal preparedness and protective measures, including Personal Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs). NPIs are measures taken to help prevent the spread of diseases that do not include medications. Currently, there are no medications or vaccinations available to prevent COVID-19, however, everyone should practice these respiratory illness prevention protocols:
A Couple Other Things to Consider to Protect Yourself from Illness
Notification of Illness:
If you are experiencing or receive a call or notice from someone experiencing respiratory symptoms who has recently traveled to China and/or has had exposure or possible exposure to an individual with COVID-19, encourage them to call their medical provider or notify the ambulance or emergency department before they go to receive care of their symptoms. This will allow medical staff to arrange for a visit that does not put other patients or staff at risk of infection.
Isolation and Quarantine (I&Q):
Isolation refers to separating people who are ill from other people to prevent the spread of a communicable disease.
Quarantine refers to separating and restricting the movement of people who have been exposed to a communicable disease and are not yet ill.
The Northampton Health Department may find themselves in the position of monitoring those in quarantine (individuals who may have been exposed to COVID-19, but who are not showing signs of illness) and potentially enforcing quarantine in partnership with the Department of Public Health. Generally, quarantines are for 14 days, since that is the longest incubation period seen with similar coronaviruses. In addition the Health Department may be involved in monitoring those who are ill with COVID-19 and who have been instructed to isolate themselves at home (i.e., those not needing hospitalization). Isolation periods will differ, depending on the length and severity of symptoms.
With Questions, Please Contact Merridith O’Leary at 413-587-1214 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org
Further information can be found at the following links.